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Tres versiones de la modernidad: Descartes, Komenský y Cervantes

Juan Antonio Sánchez Fernández    Univerzita Karlova, Praha, Česká Republika    

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abstract

Descartes’ philosophy is considered the beginning of modern thinking, but it is not the only way to think at the beginning of the modernity. Komenskýʼs pansophistic and pedagogical work and Cervantes’ new poetic of the novel can be seen also as answers to the same problem that Descartes was trying to solve: the problem of the relativity of truth. To the impossibility to learn absolute truths, Komenský offers the conception of human life as a process of unending learning; Cervantes, the observation of human life as a process of dialogue and surviving in spite of the lack of such truths. The root of all three writers is the same: the renaissance of scepticism in 16th century in Europe.      

keywords: Modernity. Cervantes. Descartes. Novel. Truth. Komenský. Kundera.  

Language: it

Submitted: Aug. 25, 2015   Accepted: March 31, 2016   Published: July 3, 2017  
permalink: http://doi.org/10.14277/6969-163-8/RiB-5-98

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