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De la veracidad y vigencia del discurso lexicográfico

A propósito de las voces demencia y locura en la lexicografía del español actual

Alberto Anula Rebollo    Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, España    

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abstract

Our study deals with the lexicographic treatment of the terms demencia and locura in the Diccionario de la Lengua Española and other Spanish dictionaries. The study questions the veracity of the lexicographic speech defended by the Real Academia Española and points out the ideological motivation underlying their approach. We show the subjectivity of the definition of dementia as ‘madness or reason disorder’ and its lack of validity in current Spanish. We carry out several analyzes: a review of historic lexicography, an analysis of the use of languages from the lexical-textual combinatorial of the terms in study, contrastive analyzes of lexicographic speech in different dictionaries of current Spanish and, finally, an analysis of the semantic intension of the terms. In the final part of the study, we defend that the validity of lexicographic speech must be based on a cognitive categorization of the meaning of words in accordance with their use in language in a concrete social and historical context. Likewise, we highlight the importance of categorizing using hypernyms in order to attenuate the subjectivity of lexicographic speeches.

Accettato
25 Novembre 2016
Presentato
02 Novembre 2016
Lingua
IT
ISBN (PRINT)
978-88-6969-170-6
ISBN (EBOOK)
978-88-6969-169-0

Keywords: IdeologyDementiaSpanish lexicographyMadness

Copyright: © 2017 Alberto Anula Rebollo. This is an open-access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction is permitted, provided that the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. The license allows for commercial use. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.