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La autoridad del Fuero Juzgo en el Diccionario de Autoridades

Manuel Rivas Zancarrón    Universidad de Cádiz, España    



The construction of the first lexicographic works in Spanish and other languages says a lot about how later dictionaries were built from a methodological perspective, especially those published by the Real Academia. After a revision of the origins of the first largest dictionary of Spanish, known as Diccionario de Autoridades (1726-39), we aim at providing examples about the criteria followed by its collaborators in the task of adding words to it, which it was justified by the language use of well known writers and works (auctores). We focus on the study of one of the auctoritatesFuero Juzgo, a medieval codex of Spanish laws (13th century). The methodological treatment of this dictionary comes from the Italian and French lexicographical traditions (Vocabolario della Crusca and Dictionnaire de la Académie Française), although there were differences in the way of selecting the words. The concern for gathering as many words as possible leaded to the inclusion of terms of different traditions and knowledge. However, the use of contemporary editions to justify the entered words caused inconsistencies in the addition of the formal variations of selected terms, as in the case of Fuero Juzgo, and might reinforce the idea of the later orthographic reforms, already expressed in the prologue of the Diccionario.

14 Dicembre 2016
14 Novembre 2016

Keywords: Diccionario de AutoridadesHistory of Spanish LanguageLexical SemanticsFuero JuzgoLexicography

Copyright: © 2017 Manuel Rivas Zancarrón. This is an open-access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction is permitted, provided that the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. The license allows for commercial use. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.