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The Agreements between the Italian Ministry of Culture and American Museums on the Return of Removed Cultural Properties

Tullio Scovazzi    Università Milano Bicocca, Dipartimento di scienze giuridiche nazionali e internazionali    

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abstract

In the last decade the MIBACT concluded a number of agreements with foreign museums that were holding illicitly excavated and exported cultural properties (for example the 2006 Agreement with the Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York). The agreements allow the State of origin to achieve the return of the cultural properties and avoid the uncertain outcome of a litigation on their ownership before a foreign court. They also allow the foreign museums to preserve their reputation as truthful cultural institutions that do not encourage the pillage of the heritage of foreign countries. Both parties agree on the strengthening of their relationship through future cooperative activities, including loans granted by Italy of archaeological properties of equivalent value. The agreements go in the direction of settling through negotiations disputes on the return of cultural properties in order to reach an equitable solution taking into account all the relevant circumstances.

Published
Dec. 31, 2017
Accepted
March 21, 2017
Submitted
Dec. 20, 2016
Language
EN
ISBN (PRINT)
978-88-6969-225-3
ISBN (EBOOK)
978-88-6969-179-9

Keywords: ReturnCultural propertiesAgreement

Copyright: © 2017 Tullio Scovazzi. This is an open-access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction is permitted, provided that the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. The license allows for commercial use. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.