Res publica ciceroniana e ‘anarchia militare’
In margine a due Vitae della Historia Augusta
This paper sets out to elaborate on the persistence of the republican ideal in imperial Rome through the lens of historiography. The investigation – which is meant to be part of a wider workplan – is divided in two parts. Firstly, it focuses on what is believed to be a key-factor of such persistence: Cicero’s elaboration of the ideal government of the Roman state in his De re publica. Secondly, it highlights significant testimonies focusing on two momentous events of the third century, notably from the Historia Augusta, which suggest the persistence of Cicero’s assessment: the rise of Pupienus and Balbinus and the death of Maximinus (238), and the rise of Tacitus (275).
Keywords: Roman Republic • Roman Empire • Maximinus • Roman Senate • Republicanism • Tacitus (Emperor) • Latin historiography • Princeps • Principate • Pupienus • Classical literature • Balbinus • Historia Augusta • Cicero