Law No. 1089 of 1 June 1939
The Origin and Consequences of Italian Legislation on the Protection of the National Cultural Heritage in the Twentieth Century
The author seeks to set out a criticism of the alleged innovations brought about by the 1939 Italian law on the “Protection of objects of artistic or historical value”. The law came in those years during which Fascist authorities struggled to keep on national soil a great deal of cultural property, which belonged to those who were trying to flee Italy following the harshening of persecutory regulations. Yet, scores of valuable public and private works of art had been reaching Nazi top brass following the Italian government’s own initiative. This eventually hindered the legitimacy of part of the cultural restitutions granted to Italy by the Allied military authorities after 1945.