Los gitanos como máscaras del teatro renacentista
This is an analysis of the character of the gipsy in the old and Renaissance Iberian Peninsula plays. In Lope de Rueda’s Auto de la Huida a Egipto, Medora and Eufemia (1567) and in his paso La gitana ladrona; in Juan de Timoneda’s Turiana (1563) or in Gil Vicente’s plays, not leaving out other contemporary plays. We will start by showing how this characters are a highly codified projection, how are they gestated and how the same cliché serves sometimes to a humorous purpose while other times the gipsies are considered as heralds of misfortune. We will finally analyse some cases in which the playwrighters use these gipsies with a moral and satiric aim to condemn the vices and flaws of men and society.