Food Culture and Traditional Performing Arts in Japan
Food and cuisine in Japan as well as in Italy – and certainly not only in France – are culture. The importance of food is naturally vital and is therefore the foundation of the rites, in which offerings to the deities also take place. In Japan, gods are presented offerings of rice, foods from the seas and the mountains, drinks (sake), as well as flowers, in rituals. At the same time the performing arts (poetry, music and dance) are also important in the rituals, dedicated to the divinities and to the audience on the occasion of rites and festivals. The paper will discuss food and drink, which are the basis of civilisation and nutrition in Japan, in connection with traditional theatres: from nō, to kyōgen.