Theodicy and Reason
Logic, Metaphysics, and Theology in Leibniz’s Essais de Théodicée (1710)
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Leibniz’s Theodicy is both a work of reason and a work on reason: reason as rational ground or justification, reason as universal order of the world, and reason as the human cognitive faculty, always in search of reasons. This book explores the depth of theodicean doctrines from the logical, metaphysical, and theological points of view. The first section is devoted to Leibniz’s argumentative style and rhetorical devices. The second section focuses on the metaphysical structures that underlie Leibniz’s vindication of God’s goodness. The third section offers new insights into Leibniz’s answer to one of the most difficult challenges faced by human reason: the existence of evil.
Metaphysics of Time • Eternalism • Arbitrariness • Physical Influx • Occasionalism • Synderesis • Divine Choice • Counterpoint • Fables • Metaphor • Mathematical Similes • Reason • Continuous Creation • Analysis of Language • Philosophical Discourse • Philosophy of Action • Monadology • Metaphors • Pre-established Harmony • Rational Theology • Untainted Reason • Aristotelianism • Wolff • Evil • Spotlight View • Contingency • Bayle • Possible Worlds