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Theodicy and Reason

Logic, Metaphysics, and Theology in Leibniz’s Essais de Théodicée (1710)

edited by

Matteo Favaretti Camposampiero    Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia    

Mattia Geretto    Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia    

Luigi Perissinotto    Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia, Italia    



Leibniz’s Theodicy is both a work of reason and a work on reason: reason as rational ground  or justification, reason as universal order of the world, and reason as the human cognitive faculty, always in search of reasons. This book explores the depth of theodicean doctrines from the logical, metaphysical, and theological points of view. The first section is devoted to Leibniz’s argumentative style and rhetorical devices. The second section focuses on the metaphysical structures that underlie Leibniz’s vindication of God’s goodness. The third section offers new insights into Leibniz’s answer to one of the most difficult challenges faced by human reason: the existence of evil.

June 30, 2016
Copyright: © 2016 Matteo Favaretti Camposampiero, Mattia Geretto, Luigi Perissinotto. This is an open-access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction is permitted, provided that the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. The license allows for commercial use. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

Table of contents

Part I Constructing Reasons: Logic and Rhetoric
Logic and Rhetoric in Leibniz’s Myths for Theodicy
Stefano Di Bella   
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Some Notes on the Philosophical Lnaguage and Metaphors of the Essais de Théodicée
Cristina Marras   
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Part II A World of Reasons: Metaphysics
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Leibniz’s Theory of Time
Federico Perelda   
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The Arguments for Contingency in Leibniz, Wolff, and Bilfinger
Matteo Favaretti Camposampiero   
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Wolff and Baumgarten
Gualtiero Lorini   
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Part III Challenging Reason: Revelation and the Problem of Evil
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