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In contrata Arminorum

Note sugli Armeni in Crimea e a Tana nel XIV secolo

Lorenzo Pubblici    Università degli Studi di Napoli «LʼOrientale», Italia    

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abstract

In the mid-thirteenth century, the Mongol invasion spread fear from China to France. Yet, over subsequent decades, the threat waned, leading to a need for political and economic rebalancing. The Mongols swiftly conquered Asia and even reached Europe, reshaping the continent’s political landscape and fostering an interconnected trade network. This transformation attracted diverse merchants to new ‘intermediate’ settlements like Tana at the Don River’s mouth. Initially established by the Latins with Mongol Khan’s approval, it became a crucial stop on the ‘Mongol route to China’ in the fourteenth century. Genoese, Venetians, Catalans, Central Asian traders, Mongols, and Armenians settled there. The Armenian community, amidst growing political turbulence, demonstrated integration and sustained commercial activity. This paper explores Tana’s Armenian community in the late fourteenth century amid weakening Mongol power.

Pubblicato
22 Novembre 2023
Accettato
27 Giugno 2023
Presentato
29 Marzo 2023
Lingua
IT

Keywords: Golden HordeAzov region in the Medieval historyHistory of Medieval tradeHistory of VeniceTanaMongol EmpireArmenian history

Copyright: © 2023 Lorenzo Pubblici. This is an open-access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction is permitted, provided that the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. The license allows for commercial use. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.