Creación (o transformación) en la fraseología pragmática periférica
El caso de los timos
Phraseological units, as part of repeated discourse, set out a problem to the well-known thesis of the creative character of language. It is a problem of reason, a false paradox, since phraseological creation is a fact: phraseological units are continuously created from the transformation of something already existing, frequently through phraseological manipulation. Starting from this evidence, this paper shall examine phraseological creativity in contrast to the grammatical one, by offering examples of a very special section of peripheral pragmatic phraseology, called timos by Casares (catchphrases and pet phrases), and in light of some ideas stated by Humboldt and his subsequent commentators. One of them, Chomsky, distinguishes two types of creativity: the first one leaves the language intact, whereas the second one alters grammatical rules. In phraseological creation, it is not easy to apply that distinction; however, this essay shall demonstrate that syntactic rules are equivalent to schemas in the phraseological field.