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Research Article

L’humanisme panaméricain de Jacques Stephen Alexis

Sara Del Rossi    Uniwersytet Warszawski, Polska    



This essay analyses Jacques Stephen Alexis’ masterpiece Romancero aux étoiles (1960), which can be considered as a practical application of his sociopoetic theories for a Panamerican humanism. Indeed, in this collection of folktales, Alexis revolutionises the popular imaginary and the genres of orature, but he also reintroduces the Taino/Native contribution to the Haitian identity and culture, devoting two tales to two mythical Taino figures: the queen Anacaona and the viens-viens. The analysis of these two tales, “Dit de la Fleur d’Or” and “Le sous-lieutenant enchanté”, allows to understand the new conception developed by Alexis, that of the influence of orature in literature and also his openness to a pluriethnic and pluricultural Americanism.

Keywords: Jacques Stephen Alexis. Romancero aux étoiles. Orature. Anacaona. Haitian folktales.

Language: fr

Submitted: May 22, 2019
Accepted: July 31, 2019
Published: Dec. 19, 2019

permalink: http://doi.org/10.30687/Tol/2499-5975/2019/01/016

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License