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Omniscience et polyphonie : esthétique de l’engagement dans L’espace d’un cillement de Jacques Stephen Alexis

Józef Kwaterko    Instytut Romanistyki, Uniwersytet Warszawski, Polonia    

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abstract

This article is a sociocritical reading of the novel L’espace d’un cillement (1959) by Jacques Stephen Alexis. In  this novel the Carib is an important chronotope and the magic realism, understood as programmatic discourse, reaches a peculiar level of aesthetic complexity. I will demonstrate how Jacques Stephen Alexis confronts the topoi of the Carib and Haïti, generating thus a discourse permeated by transcultural images. I will also focus my attention on the political aspects of the novel’s narration, on how the “proletarian” language of the omniscient narrator negotiates its voice with the free indirect speech of the characters who are shaped by their sensual relationship to reality. I will study the aesthetic form taken by the ideological message of the novel with the help of Bakhtin’s concepts of heteroglossia (diversity of languages), heterophony (diversity of voices), and heterology (diversity of social discourses).

Published
Dec. 19, 2019
Accepted
Aug. 26, 2019
Submitted
May 28, 2019
Language
FR
Copyright: © 2019 Józef Kwaterko. This is an open-access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction is permitted, provided that the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. The license allows for commercial use. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.