L’humanisme panaméricain de Jacques Stephen Alexis
This essay analyses Jacques Stephen Alexis’ masterpiece Romancero aux étoiles (1960), which can be considered as a practical application of his sociopoetic theories for a Panamerican humanism. Indeed, in this collection of folktales, Alexis revolutionises the popular imaginary and the genres of orature, but he also reintroduces the Taino/Native contribution to the Haitian identity and culture, devoting two tales to two mythical Taino figures: the queen Anacaona and the viens-viens. The analysis of these two tales, “Dit de la Fleur d’Or” and “Le sous-lieutenant enchanté”, allows to understand the new conception developed by Alexis, that of the influence of orature in literature and also his openness to a pluriethnic and pluricultural Americanism.
Keywords: Anacaona • Orature • Romancero aux étoiles • Haitian folktales • Jacques Stephen Alexis