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North of Dai: Armed Communities and Military Resources in Late Medieval China (880-936)

Maddalena Barenghi    Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia, Italia    



This article discusses various aspects of the formation of the Shatuo as a complex constitutional process from armed mercenary community to state founders in the waning years of Tang rule and the early tenth century period (880-936). The work focuses on the territorial, economic, and military aspects of the process, such as the strategies to secure control over resources and the constitution of elite privileges through symbolic kinship ties. Even as the region north of the Yanmen Pass (Daibei) remained an important pool of recruits for the Shatuo well into the tenth century, the Shatuo leaders struggled to secure control of their core manpower, progressively moving away from their military base of support, or losing it to their competitors.

June 30, 2021
April 22, 2021
Jan. 14, 2021

Keywords: ShatuoFrontier clientsKhitan-led LiaoDaibeiTang-Song transition

Copyright: © 2021 Maddalena Barenghi. This is an open-access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction is permitted, provided that the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. The license allows for commercial use. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.