Home > General catalogue > Sinica venetiana > Corpus-Based Research on Chinese Language and Linguistics > A Corpus-Based Investigation of Manner/State Complement Constructions in Mandarin Chinese
« previous chapter | next chapter »
cover

Chapter

A Corpus-Based Investigation of Manner/State Complement Constructions in Mandarin Chinese

Hongyin Tao    UCLA, USA    

Hong Gang Jin    University of Macau, China    

Jie Zhang    University of Oklahoma, USA    

PDF

abstract

This study is an investigation of the complement constructions of manner and state (CM/S, e.g. 他的字写得好 tā de zì xiě de hǎo ‘he writes characters well’) based on a corpus of written Chinese. We find that CM/S have preferred forms and functions. Formally speaking, a monosyllabic verb, preferably 变 biàn ‘change, become’, basic action verbs, or psychological state verbs tend to co-occur with complements of adjectival, clausal, or idiomatic expressions. CM/S are argued to be an assessment device indexing speaker evaluative stances. The loaded affective meanings, we contend, account for the larger and more complex forms than their standard assessment counterparts. The implications of these findings on Chinese syntactic research and on L2 learning are explored.

keywords: Chinese Complement Construction. Complement of Manner. Complement of State. Assessment. Evaluative Stance. Construction Grammar. Iconicity.

Language: en

Submitted: June 30, 2020   Accepted: Oct. 14, 2020   Published: Dec. 21, 2020  
permalink: http://doi.org/10.30687/978-88-6969-406-6/001

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License