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Un eretico tra i «seminator di scandalo e di scisma»

Mito e storia di fra Dolcino nella Commedia (Inf. XXVIII, 55-60)

Luca Lombardo    Università degli Studi di Bergamo, Italia    

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abstract

The essay reconsiders the problem of fra Dolcino in the Commedia starting from the apparent contradiction of the placement of the medieval heretic in the ‘bolgia’ of the schismatics (Inf. XXVIII) rather than in the ‘cerchio’ dedicated to the punishment of heretics (Inf. X). There, instead, Dante places sinners who fall within the general definition of Epicureans, which partially satisfies the identification with the medieval concept of heresy. After an in-depth analysis of Dante’s ‘terzine’ (Inf. XXVIII, 55-60), the early glosses on the poem and the most ancient testimonies on the figure of Dolcino, including the indirect evidence of his writings, are examined with the aim of shedding light on the perception that Dante could have had of this major heretic of the early fourteenth century and the reasons for his condemnation as schismatic, which seems to transcend the mere guilt of heresy.

Pubblicato
17 Dicembre 2018
Lingua
IT
ISBN (PRINT)
978-88-6969-299-4
ISBN (EBOOK)
978-88-6969-298-7
Copyright: © 2018 Luca Lombardo. This is an open-access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction is permitted, provided that the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. The license allows for commercial use. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.