I kurgan reali del periodo scita: complessità architettonica, ideologia e ritualismo funerario
The Scythians have always aroused a great interest, especially for their descriptions in Herodotus’ Histories, and for their rich tombs. Burial mounds, the famous ‘kurgans’, are the custodians of these wonders and secrets, and often show a great structural and architectural complexity, which mirror the ideological and social complexity of Scythian populations. Some royal mounds excavated in different ‘Scythian territories’ are analyzed. Preliminary results of the latest archaeological research conducted by Centro Studi e Ricerche Ligabue and Ca’ Foscari University in the Semirech’è region of south-eastern Kazakhstan are included in the discussion. The analysis aim at highlighting common aspect, architectural elements which are typical of the different geographical areas, and showing the relation of kurgan burials with complex and elaborate funerary rituals, with burial mounds becoming an aggregation center for the community.