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Simulacra of the Victim

“Mythological machine”, Violence and Power in the Testimonies of Alfredo Meza and Nancy Guzmán

Daniuska González González    Universidad de Playa Ancha, Valparaíso, Chile    

Claire Mercier    Universidad de Talca, Chile    



This article analyses the testimonies Así mataron a Danilo Anderson by Alfredo Meza and Ingrid Olderock. La mujer de los perros by Nancy Guzmán, stressing facticity, that is the symbiosis between verifiable and imagined elements, which implies a renewal of the character of testimonial literature and enables a reading of these works beyond the format of journalistic investigation. This factitious receptacle allows to evince the common direction of both texts: in dissimilar contexts of politic violence, such as the military dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet in Chile and Hugo Chávez Frías regime in Venezuela, power sets in motion a “mythological machine of the victim”, with the aim of creating subjectivities related to their ideology and with the its purpose of making eternal a truth that ends up being a simulacrum of it.

June 29, 2021
Oct. 19, 2020
Aug. 29, 2020