7 • al-Maqrīzī as a Reader of The Testament of Ardašīr
This chapter discusses the way al-Maqrīzī quotes ʿAhd Ardašīr through Miskawayhi. As we have at our disposal al-Maqrīzī’s holograph and the manuscript of Miskawayhi’s Taǧārib he used, we can see exactly how al-Maqrīzī understood the text he quoted. This is particularly illuminating in cases where Miskawayhi, or the copyist of the manuscript, had misunderstood the ʿAhd and al-Maqrīzī had a partly corrupt text in front of him. Even though elsewhere al-Maqrīzī can be very free with his sources, with this text he avoids emendations and aims at a high fidelity to the text. Sometimes, however, we can see how he has misunderstood the text and changed its original meaning.
Keywords: Mistakes • Quoting • ʿAhd Ardašīr • Copying • al-Maqrīzī