5 • The Translator as a Reader and Commentator of Aristotle
The Testimony of Evrart de Conty and His Autograph Manuscript (ca. 1380)
This article wants to discuss how an autograph manuscript can be a source of knowledge regarding medieval translation methodology, showing the efforts the translator makes, having read his source text, to ponder the words to use in order to express the ideas displayed in it as adequately as possible. The text at stake is Evrart de Conty’s Middle French translation of the pseudo-aristotelian Problemata, made on the basis of the Latin translation by Bartholomew of Messina and its commentary by Pietro de Abano. The numerous corrections in the manuscript reveal a continuous re-reading of the translation and display the translator’s struggle to render the content of the source texts as accurately as possible, but also his concern to make his translation easy to understand for his audience.
Keywords: Medieval commentary • Autograph • Autograph manuscripts • Medieval translation • Bilingualism