Home > Catalogo > Lexis > Num. 41 (n.s.) - Giugno 2023 - Fasc. 1 > Cosmologie et modèle biologique chez Lucrèce : dire l'unité du monde

Cosmologie et modèle biologique chez Lucrèce : dire l'unité du monde

Anne Claire Joncheray    Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, France    



The present article tackles the issue of the unity and cohesion of the world as it is evoked by Lucretius in the De Rerum Natura. Through this work, we would like to show that the philosopher offers an original solution to this question by using a biological model: the organic unity. This model plays a dual role, both critical and descriptive. First, it replaces what Lucretius identifies as ‘false models’ of the union and cohesion of the world: the model of the world as living based on the theory of the soul of the world, the model of the world as divine, rested on demiurgic and providential theories and finally the model of the world as principle, elaborated from the thesis of the eternity of the world and its parts. Then, by evicting these three models of explanation and description of the cohesion of the parts of the world, based on a bad definition of the nature of the world, the Lucretian biological model proposes a re-description of the unity of the world which is compatible with the Epicurean cosmological theses of the plurality of worlds and of the mortality of the world.

04 Agosto 2023
04 Maggio 2023
27 Febbraio 2023

Keywords: Biological modelCosmologyUnity of the worldDe Rerum NaturaLucretius

Copyright: © 2023 Anne Claire Joncheray. This is an open-access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction is permitted, provided that the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. The license allows for commercial use. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.