Armenia, Caucaso e Asia Centrale

Armenia, Caucaso e Asia Centrale

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Tema
chevron_rightLingue e culture del Medio ed Estremo Oriente

Lingua
it

ISBN (print)
978-88-6969-219-2

ISBN (ebook)
978-88-6969-211-6

ISSN
chevron_right2610-8879

e-ISSN
chevron_right2610-9433

Data pubblicazione
19 Feb 2018

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Eurasiatica

La prima urbanizzazione in Turkmenistan: coesistenza tra nomadi e sedentari nel delta interno del fiume Murghab
Risultati preliminari delle indagini archeologiche ed etnografiche presso il sito di Togolok 1

Roberto Arciero
Università di Bologna
arciero.roberto@gmail.com

Luca Forni
Università di Bologna
luca.forni8488@gmail.com

DOI 10.30687/978-88-6969-211-6/002

Submitted 22 Mar 2017
Accepted 27 Lug 2017

Abstract

Modern Turkmenistan is mainly constituted by a desert landscape, yet despite its harsh climate, cultures have been able to construct networks of water channels since the Bronze Age. This has resulted in a man-made landscape that integrates towns and villages. Extensive surveys and recent archaeological excavations have highlighted that between 2400 and 2100 BC (Namazga V period), the region of the Murghab alluvial fan was characterised by the development of complex urban societies. However, starting from the Late Bronze Age, a new group of mobile pastoralists appeared in the Murghab region and settled along the edges of the sedentary sites. Although their presence is well-attested both by survey and excavation data, their degree of interaction with the sedentary farmers is still debated. In modern Turkmenistan, semi-mobile shepherds continue to drive their cattle across the Murghab, using mobile camps for different months. This paper presents the preliminary results of the excavation of the sedentary site of Togolok 1, as well as the first ethnographic study of the mobile communities of the Murghab region.

Keywords
Central Asia. Turkmenistan. Murghab. Archaeology. Ethnoarchaeology. Nomadism. Pastoralism.


Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License 

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dc.contributor.author

Arciero Roberto

dc.contributor.author

Forni Luca

dc.title

La prima urbanizzazione in Turkmenistan: coesistenza tra nomadi e sedentari nel delta interno del fiume Murghab

dc.type

Book Chapter

dc.language.iso

it

dc.description.abstract

Modern Turkmenistan is mainly constituted by a desert landscape, yet despite its harsh climate, cultures have been able to construct networks of water channels since the Bronze Age. This has resulted in a man-made landscape that integrates towns and villages. Extensive surveys and recent archaeological excavations have highlighted that between 2400 and 2100 BC (Namazga V period), the region of the Murghab alluvial fan was characterised by the development of complex urban societies. However, starting from the Late Bronze Age, a new group of mobile pastoralists appeared in the Murghab region and settled along the edges of the sedentary sites. Although their presence is well-attested both by survey and excavation data, their degree of interaction with the sedentary farmers is still debated. In modern Turkmenistan, semi-mobile shepherds continue to drive their cattle across the Murghab, using mobile camps for different months. This paper presents the preliminary results of the excavation of the sedentary site of Togolok 1, as well as the first ethnographic study of the mobile communities of the Murghab region.

dc.relation.ispartof

Eurasiatica

dc.publisher

Edizioni Ca’ Foscari - Digital Publishing

dc.date.issued

2018-02-19

dc.dateAccepted

2017-03-22

dc.dateSubmitted

2017-07-27

dc.identifier.uri

http://doi.org/10.14277/6969-211-6/EUR-7-1

dc.identifier.issn

2610-8879

dc.identifier.eissn

2610-9433

dc.identifier.isbn

978-88-6969-219-2

dc.identifier.eisbn

978-88-6969-211-6

dc.rights

Creative Commons 4.0 Attribution alone

dc.rights.uri

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

item.fulltext

with fulltext

item.grantfulltext

open

dc.subject

Central Asia

dc.subject

Turkmenistan

dc.subject

Murghab

dc.subject

Archaeology

dc.subject

Ethnoarchaeology

dc.subject

Nomadism

dc.subject

Pastoralism

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Armenia, Caucaso e Asia Centrale

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