Epic Tradition and Sophistic Innovation in the ‘Shame Culture’ of Thucydides’ Dialogue of the Melii and the AtheniansDOWNLOAD PDF
This paper aims at adding new pieces to the complex patchwork of knowledge on ‘shame’ in the ancient Greek world by analysing the meanings and the cultural framework of the terms αἰσχύνη and αἰσχρός in the Dialogue of the Melians of Thucydides. The contribution sheds light on the role played by the traditional concept of shame, mostly witnessed by the Homeric poems, in the elaboration of the concept made by the Athenians in accordance with the sophistic cultural climate of the second half of the fifth century BCE.
Keywords: Thucydides. Dialogue of the Melians. Shame culture. Aidōs. Homer. Hesiod. Sophistic.
Language: itSubmitted: Oct. 5, 2020 Accepted: Dec. 21, 2020 Published: June 30, 2021