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Alliance between the Lacedaemonians and Aetolians Erxadieis

Claudia Antonetti    Università Ca' Foscari Venezia    



The peace treaty and alliance between the Lacedaemonians and Aetolians Erxadieis is one of the rare specimens of classical Spartan epigraphy and the oldest primary source on the Spartan hegemonic political system: more than being the expression of a direct relationship between Sparta and the Aetolian koinon, the treaty seems to deal with a smaller, unknown ethnos, most probably Peloponnesian, which recalls the Aetolians in its name and origin. On the grounds of its political-institutional language the inscription, whose date in the scholarship fluctuates between the end of the 6th century and 388 BC,  could well be inserted in the Peloponnesian political climate of the years after the Peace of Nicias  and reflect the evolution of international relations at that time; in particular, if Mantinea (restored at l. 4) is excluded from the alliance, the dating can be narrowed down to between 420 and 418 BC.

Dec. 20, 2017
Sept. 22, 2017
March 11, 2017

Keywords: Koinon etolicoPace di NiciaEtoliMantineaSpartaEtoliaAlleanzaLacedemoniTrattatoErxadieiPace

Link AXON 173
Copyright: © 2017 Claudia Antonetti. This is an open-access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction is permitted, provided that the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. The license allows for commercial use. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.