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Wittgenstein vs. Socrates: Wittgenstein and Plato

James C. Klagge    Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University    

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abstract

Wittgenstein opposes Socrates’ insistence that words should have an essentialist definition. Wittgenstein also stands with Euthyphro in his discussion with Socrates over whether God’s commands make an action good. While Socrates values the examined life, Wittgenstein wonders how we can stop the demand for more explanation. For this Wittgenstein may find more sympathy from Plato. Plato pays attention to the characters in his dialogues – the particulars of their circumstances, and he offers myths that supplement his arguments. In the ancient quarrel between philosophy and poetry, we can see Wittgenstein wishing to side against Socrates but with Plato – who found ways of making philosophy poetic.

Pubblicato
30 Giugno 2022
Accettato
31 Maggio 2022
Presentato
03 Marzo 2022
Lingua
EN

Keywords: PlatoExplanationWittgensteinDefinitionSocratesFormsDialogue

Copyright: © 2022 James C. Klagge. This is an open-access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction is permitted, provided that the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. The license allows for commercial use. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.