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On Etymology of Proto-Slavic Word for ‘Wound’

Artem Trofimov    RANEPA (The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration)    

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abstract

The paper is devoted to a critical analysis of the traditional etymology of the Proto-Slavic word with the meaning ‘wound’ (OCS ‘рана’ πληγή, μάστιξ; Bulgarian ‘ра́на’; Serbocroatian ‘ра̏на’, Russian ‘рана’ etc.). Researchers usually compare it to OInd. vraṇá- ‘wound, ulcer’ and Alb. varrë ‘wound’. It is demonstrated that this etymology is unacceptable from a formal point of view. Therefore, it is proposed to return to the idea of P. Persson who connected the Proto-Slavic ‘wound’ to the Proto-Indo-European root *h2erH- ‘to destroy’ and the following cognates in other branches of PIE: Hett. ḫarrai ‘grinds’; Toch. AB ār, pret. B āra ‘to stop, to cease’ and Proto-Slavic *oriti ‘to destroy, to ruin’. In this case the Proto-Slavic reconstruction is *őrna.

Published
Feb. 15, 2022
Accepted
Jan. 11, 2022
Submitted
Dec. 11, 2021
Language
RU

Keywords: SchwebeablautOld IndianProto-SlavicCognateAlbanianEtymology

Copyright: © 2021 Artem Trofimov. This is an open-access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction is permitted, provided that the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. The license allows for commercial use. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.