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Thasos’ Law on Wine and Vinegar

Marcello Valente    Università di Torino    

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abstract

This fragmentary inscription found at Thasos and dated approximately to the second quarter of the 5th century preserves the most ancient law about wine and vinegar trade in the Greek world. Since the inscription is mutilated, the prohibition prescribed in it is unknown, but if someone violated the law his wares were confiscated, whereas a fine worth of a sixth of their value was to be paid to Athena Poliouchos and Apollos Pythios and another fine of the same amount was to be paid to the delator. These measures show the public interest in wine trade in classical Thasos, allowing to compare this inscription to several contemporary documents concerning other rules about wine trade. Among the rules referred to by this inscription, there is one that forbade the use of the oath of non-involvement with the disputed facts, like similar judicial tools attested elsewhere. The Three Hundred in charge of collecting bails paid to bring a case to court was not an arm of an oligarchic government with judicial powers, but more likely a mere judicial body.

Published
Dec. 20, 2018
Accepted
Sept. 21, 2018
Submitted
June 28, 2018
Language
IT

Keywords: Apollo PythiosGiuramentoCommercio del vinoTasoAtena PoliouchosCollegio dei Trecento

Copyright: © 2018 Marcello Valente. This is an open-access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction is permitted, provided that the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. The license allows for commercial use. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.