Exploiting Mangroves and Rushing Back Home

Fifteen Years of Research Along the Northern Coast of the Arabian Sea, Pakistan

Paolo Biagi    Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia, Italia    

Renato Nisbet    Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia, Italia    

Tiziano Fantuzzi    Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia, Italia    



The research carried out between 2000 and 2014 along the northern coast of the Arabian Sea in Lower Sindh and Las Bela (Balochistan, Pakistan) has shown that the two regions started to be settled during the last two centuries of the 8th millennium BP. The sites consist of shell middens, shell scatters and fishermen villages, many of which were sampled for conventional and AMS radiocarbon dating from mangrove and marine shells. So far 95 sites have been AMS (GrA-) or conventionally (GrN-) radiocarbon-dated. This paper describes the results obtained from three well-defined macro areas (Lake Siranda, the coastline between Cape Gadani and the Hab River mouth, and the Indus Delta) where the aforementioned research methodology has been applied. The results contribute to the interpretation of the archaeology of the coastal area of Pakistan and the Arabian Sea, the definition of the sea-level variations since the mid-Atlantic period, the presence/absence and exploitation of ancient mangroves, the dynamic of the Indus Delta advance, and the chronology of the early navigation along the northern coast of the Indian Ocean.

Nov. 8, 2017
Sept. 14, 2017

Keywords: MangrovesPakistanIndus deltaArabian Sea coastSea-level changesEarly navigationShell middensRadiocarbon dating

Copyright: © 2017 Paolo Biagi, Renato Nisbet, Tiziano Fantuzzi. This is an open-access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction is permitted, provided that the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. The license allows for commercial use. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.