The Development of State-civil Society Relations in Kazakhstan
This article offers an overview of the state-civil society relations in Kazakhstan, placing emphasis on how the legislative and institutional framework in which Kazakh civil society organizations operate has affected the development of the non-profit sector. In particular, the paper investigates the different stages that Kazakh civil society has undergone since the collapse of the Soviet Union looking at the ways and extent to which national power relations have influenced and shaped its features and functioning. The study contributes to the identification of a new phase in the development of civil society in Kazakhstan in which the government has been increasingly involved in the conceptualization of the role and functions of the non-profit sector. This phase is characterized by an intensification of the state-civil society relations in the country through the establishment of ad hoc mechanisms of cooperation and, especially, of a generous government funding scheme for the conduction of social projects.