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Topic
chevron_rightLanguages and Cultures of the Middle and Far East

Language
it

ISBN (print)
978-88-6969-101-0

ISBN (ebook)
978-88-6969-100-3

ISSN
chevron_right2610-8879

e-ISSN
chevron_right2610-9433

Date of publication
03 Aug 2016

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Eurasiatica

Kashmir and the Mughal Fad of Persian Pastoral Poetry

Sunil Sharma
Boston University, USA
sharma@bu.edu

DOI 10.14277/978-88-6969-100-3/008

Abstract

The annexation of Kashmir by the Mughals resulted in the celebration of the natural beauty and imperial architecture of the valley in a body of Indo-Persian court poetry. Visited by the emperors Akbar, Jahāngīr, Shāh Jahān, and Aurangzeb, Kashmir became a major cultural and literary center in the seventeenth century. Especially in Shāh Jahān’s reign, the poet laureate, Kalim Hamadāni (d. 1651), along with a dozen other poets visited Kashmir and composed topographical poems using the masnavi form, initiating a literary fad that lasted for over two decades. Although most poems modified the model of the city poem for this purpose, using the same metaphors praising urban spaces that included descriptions of idealized Persian gardens, others produced poems in the pastoral or bucolic mode with realistic descriptions of actual places, the flora and fauna of the region, and praise of life in the countryside. Given their relationship to the empire and land, Iranian and Indian-born poets employed by the Mughal court had differing attitudes to the place of Kashmir in the imperial mosaic. The fad of the Kashmir poem is a previously unexplored episode in the history of seventeenth-century Mughal court culture.

Keywords
Mughals. Indo-Persian poetry. Kashmir. Masnavi.


Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License 

Table of contents
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Campo DC Valore

dc.contributor.author

Sharma Sunil

dc.title

Kashmir and the Mughal Fad of Persian Pastoral Poetry

dc.type

Book Chapter

dc.language.iso

it

dc.description.abstract

The annexation of Kashmir by the Mughals resulted in the celebration of the natural beauty and imperial architecture of the valley in a body of Indo-Persian court poetry. Visited by the emperors Akbar, Jahāngīr, Shāh Jahān, and Aurangzeb, Kashmir became a major cultural and literary center in the seventeenth century. Especially in Shāh Jahān’s reign, the poet laureate, Kalim Hamadāni (d. 1651), along with a dozen other poets visited Kashmir and composed topographical poems using the masnavi form, initiating a literary fad that lasted for over two decades. Although most poems modified the model of the city poem for this purpose, using the same metaphors praising urban spaces that included descriptions of idealized Persian gardens, others produced poems in the pastoral or bucolic mode with realistic descriptions of actual places, the flora and fauna of the region, and praise of life in the countryside. Given their relationship to the empire and land, Iranian and Indian-born poets employed by the Mughal court had differing attitudes to the place of Kashmir in the imperial mosaic. The fad of the Kashmir poem is a previously unexplored episode in the history of seventeenth-century Mughal court culture.

dc.relation.ispartof

Eurasiatica

dc.publisher

Edizioni Ca’ Foscari - Digital Publishing

dc.date.issued

None

dc.dateAccepted

None

dc.dateSubmitted

None

dc.identifier.uri

http://doi.org/10.14277/978-88-6969-100-3/008

dc.identifier.issn

2610-8879

dc.identifier.eissn

2610-9433

dc.identifier.isbn

978-88-6969-101-0

dc.identifier.eisbn

978-88-6969-100-3

dc.rights

Creative Commons 4.0 Attribution alone

dc.rights.uri

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

item.fulltext

with fulltext

item.grantfulltext

open

dc.subject

Mughals

dc.subject

Indo-Persian poetry

dc.subject

Kashmir

dc.subject

Masnavi

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