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Topic
chevron_rightLanguages and Cultures of the Middle and Far East

Language
it

ISBN (print)
978-88-6969-101-0

ISBN (ebook)
978-88-6969-100-3

ISSN
chevron_right2610-8879

e-ISSN
chevron_right2610-9433

Date of publication
03 Aug 2016

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Eurasiatica

Additional Considerations about Ved. Síndhu-, Av. Hiṇdu-/Həṇdu

Antonio Panaino
Università di Bologna, Italia
antonio.panaino@unibo.it

DOI 10.14277/6969-100-3/EUR-5-2

Abstract

In a very important article Paul Thieme demonstrated that Ved. Sindhu- was a nominal -u- formation, based on a non-attested present stem *sinadh-/*sindh- deri­ved by a root sidh (usual present stem sadha-). Then, *sindhú- would mean ‘warding off, keeping away’, while the corresponding substantivization as síndhu-, m./f., (with the stress on the root) meant ‘he/she who wards off, keeps away’, i.e. ‘natural frontier’. Notwithstanding the evident absence of a present stem like *sinadh-/*sindh-, the reconstruction suggested by Thieme is still the most reasonable in the light of the Ṛgvedic passages where the older interpretation of síndhu- just as ‘river’ or ‘ocean’ results patently far-fetched or simply impossible. In any case, for the Avestan corresponding form, hiṇdu-/həṇdu- (O.P. hindu-), no good Iranian or Indo-Iranian (independent) etymology seems to be recognizable, and it is presu­mable, as normally stated, that this one was a very early loanword in Iranian, just meaning not ‘India’, but ‘(natural) frontier’, and thus referring to barriers or obstacles as big and large as a river or a large basin of water (lake, sea or ocean). Here some problems connected with this interpretation of the linguistic data are analyzed, with special regard for the Indo-Iranian and Avestan mythology.

Keywords
Frontier. Avestan. Vedic. Indo-Iranian. Indus.


Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License 

Table of contents
×
Campo DC Valore

dc.contributor.author

Panaino Antonio

dc.title

Additional Considerations about Ved. Síndhu-, Av. Hiṇdu-/Həṇdu

dc.type

Book Chapter

dc.language.iso

it

dc.description.abstract

In a very important article Paul Thieme demonstrated that Ved. Sindhu- was a nominal -u- formation, based on a non-attested present stem *sinadh-/*sindh- deri­ved by a root sidh (usual present stem sadha-). Then, *sindhú- would mean ‘warding off, keeping away’, while the corresponding substantivization as síndhu-, m./f., (with the stress on the root) meant ‘he/she who wards off, keeps away’, i.e. ‘natural frontier’. Notwithstanding the evident absence of a present stem like *sinadh-/*sindh-, the reconstruction suggested by Thieme is still the most reasonable in the light of the Ṛgvedic passages where the older interpretation of síndhu- just as ‘river’ or ‘ocean’ results patently far-fetched or simply impossible. In any case, for the Avestan corresponding form, hiṇdu-/həṇdu- (O.P. hindu-), no good Iranian or Indo-Iranian (independent) etymology seems to be recognizable, and it is presu­mable, as normally stated, that this one was a very early loanword in Iranian, just meaning not ‘India’, but ‘(natural) frontier’, and thus referring to barriers or obstacles as big and large as a river or a large basin of water (lake, sea or ocean). Here some problems connected with this interpretation of the linguistic data are analyzed, with special regard for the Indo-Iranian and Avestan mythology.

dc.relation.ispartof

Eurasiatica

dc.publisher

Edizioni Ca’ Foscari - Digital Publishing

dc.date.issued

None

dc.dateAccepted

None

dc.dateSubmitted

None

dc.identifier.uri

http://doi.org/10.14277/6969-100-3/EUR-5-2

dc.identifier.issn

2610-8879

dc.identifier.eissn

2610-9433

dc.identifier.isbn

978-88-6969-101-0

dc.identifier.eisbn

978-88-6969-100-3

dc.rights

Creative Commons 4.0 Attribution alone

dc.rights.uri

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

item.fulltext

with fulltext

item.grantfulltext

open

dc.subject

Frontier

dc.subject

Avestan

dc.subject

Vedic

dc.subject

Indo-Iranian

dc.subject

Indus

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