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The Hurry and Uproar of Their Passions

Images of the Early 18th-Century Whig

Katarzyna Kozak    Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities (Poland)    



The period between the Glorious Revolution and the end of Queen Anne’s reign was a time of fierce antagonism between the political parties. This rivalry defined the political situation in early eighteenth century Britain and laid the foundation for the development of the ministerial machine of propaganda aimed at discrediting opponents and justifying the policies of the government. Methodically developed, the system was well applied during Oxford’s Ministry (1710-14). The establishment of a ministerial newspaper – The Examiner – played a significant role in solidifying public opinion behind the transfer of power to the Tories. Remaining a ‘right-wing’ organ, it became a sharp edge of anti-whig propaganda. The main objective of this article is to analyse the rhetoric of passions, one of the literary tools used in The Examiner to build up a negative image of Whigs. This image, created on the pages of The Examiner, represents an element of a wider vision depicting passionate Whigs and reasonable Tories.

Dec. 18, 2017
Oct. 27, 2017
Sept. 10, 2017

Keywords: ToryThe ExaminerPropagandaWhigPassions

Copyright: © 2017 Katarzyna Kozak. This is an open-access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction is permitted, provided that the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. The license allows for commercial use. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.