Home > Catalogue > Annali di Ca’ Foscari. Serie orientale > 59 | 2023 > Not Only ravī. The Other Letters of the Rhyme in the Muʿǧam fī maʿāyīr ašʿār al-ʿaǧam by Šams al-Dīn Muḥammad b. Qays al-Rāzī
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Not Only ravī. The Other Letters of the Rhyme in the Muʿǧam fī maʿāyīr ašʿār al-ʿaǧam by Šams al-Dīn Muḥammad b. Qays al-Rāzī

Alessia Dal Bianco    Sapienza Università di Roma, Italia    

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abstract

In his treatise on Persian literary theory, al-Muʿǧam fī maʿāyīr ašʿār al-ʿaǧam, Šams-i Qays (13th century) claims that a poem without the main rhyming letter (ravī) is not a poem. However, this letter is not the only recurring letter at the end of the lines of a Persian poem. Šams-i Qays discusses eight other letters (ridf, qayd, taʾsīs, daxīl, vaṣl, xurūǧ, mazīd, and nāyira) as he determines the length and the possible patterns of a Persian rhyme (qāfiya). In this paper, I aim to improve our understanding of the linguistic rationale behind the taxonomy of Persian rhyming letters by providing an annotated Italian translation of relevant passages from the Muʿǧam.

Published
Aug. 29, 2023
Accepted
March 20, 2023
Submitted
Jan. 31, 2023
Language
IT

Keywords: Šams-i QaysPersian languageRhymePersian poetryḤurūf-i qāfiya

Copyright: © 2023 Alessia Dal Bianco. This is an open-access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction is permitted, provided that the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. The license allows for commercial use. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.