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Gendered Hate Speech in Swiss WhatsApp Messages

Larissa Binder    University of Zurich, Switzerland    

Simone Ueberwasser    University of Zurich, Switzerland    

Elisabeth Stark    University of Zurich, Switzerland    

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abstract

This paper provides a first manual analysis of the use of 14 gender-specific swear words in Swiss WhatsApp messages in (Swiss) German, French and Italian. We will show that gender-specific swear words only concern non-participants of the discourse when used offensively, in our data. When such items are directly addressed to the interlocutor, they are rather used ironically or even hypocoristically. Furthermore, we will show that gendered hate speech in this context is not a matter of mutual discrimination by the two sexes, but that Swiss WhatsApp users also refer to people of their own sex using gender-specific swear words.

Published
Dec. 29, 2020
Language
EN
ISBN (PRINT)
978-88-6969-479-0
ISBN (EBOOK)
978-88-6969-478-3

Keywords: Gender PerceptionWhatsApp CommunicationGender RepresentationGender-Specific Swear WordsGender StereotypesGendered Hate Speech

Copyright: © 2020 Larissa Binder, Simone Ueberwasser, Elisabeth Stark. This is an open-access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction is permitted, provided that the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. The license allows for commercial use. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.