Gendered Hate Speech in Swiss WhatsApp Messages
This paper provides a first manual analysis of the use of 14 gender-specific swear words in Swiss WhatsApp messages in (Swiss) German, French and Italian. We will show that gender-specific swear words only concern non-participants of the discourse when used offensively, in our data. When such items are directly addressed to the interlocutor, they are rather used ironically or even hypocoristically. Furthermore, we will show that gendered hate speech in this context is not a matter of mutual discrimination by the two sexes, but that Swiss WhatsApp users also refer to people of their own sex using gender-specific swear words.
keywords: Gendered Hate Speech. WhatsApp Communication. Gender Perception. Gender Representation. Gender Stereotypes. Gender-Specific Swear Words.
Language: enPublished: Dec. 29, 2020