Between Economic Interests and Political Constraints
The Federal Republic of Germany and the People's Republic of China during the Early Cold War
This article deals with the relations between the Federal Republic of Germany and the People’s Republic of China during the early Cold War decades. The traditional historiographical paradigm of the East-West confrontation assumes that any form of cooperation was impossible between the two countries. However, a shift of focus from the political sphere to the economic one reveals how pattern of conduct predating 1949, as well as purely economic reasons, brought actors from both sides to agree on a set of rules for bilateral exchange, and to improve the trade performance despite the highs and lows of the political climate and the bloc allegiance of both countries.
Keywords: East-West Trade • Cold War • China National Import & Export Corporation • COCOM • People’s Republic of China • Ost-Ausschuss der Deutschen Wirtschaft • Chinese Committee for the Promotion of Internation • China National Import & Export Corporation • German business • Federal Republic of Germany