Al di là delle fedi storiche: religione essenziale, normatività biblica e critica della tradizione cristiana in Marie Huber
The Geneva Marie Huber (1695-1753) led a relatively unobtrusive life, yet as an author she produced texts which were perceived by her contemporaries to be radical. Protestant, born into a wealthy family of Swiss bankers established permanently in France from 1711, Marie Huber published works which show her evolution from the pietistic fanaticism of her youth to the non-dogmatic religiosity of her maturity. This article is concerned with the Lettres sur la religion essentielle (1738) and on a Recueil which was published posthumously by her family in 1754. It focuses on how Marie Huber conceives the relationship between evident rational truths and so-called revealed truths, the status of biblical inspiration, the nature and prerogatives of Jesus-Christ. Resisting categorization, the spectrum of Marie Huber’s thought represents an original synthesis of criticism towards historical religions, searching for a religion and an ethics consistent with human nature and refusal to accept any mediation between individual and the Self-sufficient Being she identifies with God.
Keywords: Antilclericalism • Bible • Natural religion • Christology • Marie Huber