Necropoli o santuari?
Rituali, credenze e pratiche religiose nel Mondo delle Steppe tra la fine dell’Età del Bronzo e l’Età del Ferro
Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia, Italia
Submitted 27 Feb 2016
Accepted 27 Apr 2016
Beliefs and religious practices of the steppes people between the Bronze and the Iron Age represent one of the most interesting aspects of these cultures, which spread over a huge and highly varied territory. They are characterised by a series of local expressions, in which Iranian and Zoroastrian influences do not affect the originality of the sanctuaries and of the relevant religious practices. These are sometimes difficult to interpret, as for example the Kirighsuur and Deer Stones contexts, or rock art sites: these introduce very complex and highly debated issues, which are difficult to be fully understood, as for instance the question of shamanism. The most interesting phenomenon of the Iron Age (Scythian period) consists of massive burial mounds, that seem to acquire the role of real sanctuaries, which are strongly related to the landscape and to the natural elements, thus becoming the focus for the social and religious community. This hypothesis is proposed by some scholars, who argue that it may be supported by Herodotus’ description of the sanctuary of Ares.
Eurasian steppes. Scythians. Kurgan. Sanctuary. Funerary rituals. Religious beliefs. Necropolis.