I višap armeni. Appunti per una storia della ricezione
Vishaps are large-scale prehistoric stelae decorated with animal reliefs, erected at secluded mountain locations of the South Caucasus. This paper focuses on the vishaps of modern Armenia and traces their history of re-use and manipulations, from the end of the third millennium BCE to the Middle Ages. Since their creation at an unknown point in time before 2100 BCE, vishaps functioned as symbolic anchors for the creation and transmission of religious and political messages: they were torn down, buried, re-worked, re-erected, transformed and used as a surface for graffiti. This complex sequence of re-contextualisations underscores the primacy of mountains as political arenas for the negotiation of religious and ritual meaning.
keywords: Monumentality. Armenian history. Armenian prehistory. Dragon-stones. Megalithic art. South Caucasus archaeology. Bronze Age archaeology. Medieval art. Cross-stones.
Language: itSubmitted: June 30, 2020 Accepted: July 20, 2020 Published: Dec. 21, 2020