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The Chemistry of Taste

Aesthetics, Literature, and the Rise of the Impure

Francesca Orestano    Università degli Studi di Milano, Italia    



The debate on impure images in post-Reformation England, and the different policy adopted by Reynolds and Hogarth in order to redefine the value of art are considered: the former stressing the purity of the old masters, the latter emphasizing formal elements of beauty. The writings of Hazlitt are then examined inasmuch as his comments on fashion and art academies are relevant to the dawning democracy of taste, and describe its features in the wide socio-cultural context. Hazlitt’s remarks on taste are confirmed in the following decades by progress in technology, chemistry especially, which allows replicas of valuable materials and art works to be made: in 1851 the Great Exhibition lays a strong emphasis on the tasteful replicas of art works. Taste is synonymous with the products of industry. Chemistry has now become the leading metaphor adopted by critics who comment on modern taste – Ruskin, Pater, Lee – as it provides the fittest illustration of the mixed features of contemporary art. Not only art criticism but also fiction, suggest the prominent epistemic role of chemistry: in Collins’s The Woman in White and Stevenson’s Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, the ambiguous pendulum between pure and impure defines not only the chemistry of taste but also the impure quality of modern life.

Dec. 1, 2015

Keywords: ChemistryNarrationAestheticsTaste

Copyright: © 2015 Francesca Orestano. This is an open-access work distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction is permitted, provided that the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. The license allows for commercial use. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.