Pio XI nella crisi europea | Pius XI. im Kontext der europäischen Krise

Pio XI nella crisi europea | Pius XI. im Kontext der europäischen Krise

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Topic
chevron_rightHistorical Studies

Language
it

ISBN (print)
978-88-6969-096-9

ISBN (ebook)
978-88-6969-092-1

ISSN
chevron_right2610-9883

e-ISSN
chevron_right2610-9107

Date of publication
24 Oct 2016

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Studi di storia

Pius XI. und Pius XII.
Antikommunisten wegen ihrer Erfahrungen als Nuntien?

Sascha Hinkel
Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Deutschland
sascha.hinkel@uni-muenster.de

DOI 10.14277/6969-092-1/StStor-2-5

Abstract

Ever since the 19th century, communism has been a punishable heresy. However, there were only two members of the early 20th century Curia that had personal contact with communism: Achille Ratti, the later Pope Pius XI, as nuncio in Poland and Eugenio Pacelli, the later Pope Pius XII, as nuncio in Munich. Their attitude towards the fascist and national-socialist movements in Italy and Germany in the 1920s and 1930s was much more conciliatory than their stance towards communism. While Ratti and Pacelli were unable to find a modus vivendi with the communist regime in the Soviet Union, they negotiated the Lateran Accords with Mussolini and the Reichskonkordat with Hitler. On the basis of new documents, mainly drawn from the Pacelli-edition, and with the help of psychological and biographical theories, the article discusses how far these experiences were imprinting and whether they influenced the anti-communism of both as popes.

Keywords
Eugenio Pacelli. Anticomunism. Bavarian Soviet Republik (Bayerische Räterepublik).


Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License 

Table of contents
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Campo DC Valore

dc.contributor.author

Hinkel Sascha

dc.title

Pius XI. und Pius XII.

dc.type

Book Chapter

dc.language.iso

it

dc.description.abstract

Ever since the 19th century, communism has been a punishable heresy. However, there were only two members of the early 20th century Curia that had personal contact with communism: Achille Ratti, the later Pope Pius XI, as nuncio in Poland and Eugenio Pacelli, the later Pope Pius XII, as nuncio in Munich. Their attitude towards the fascist and national-socialist movements in Italy and Germany in the 1920s and 1930s was much more conciliatory than their stance towards communism. While Ratti and Pacelli were unable to find a modus vivendi with the communist regime in the Soviet Union, they negotiated the Lateran Accords with Mussolini and the Reichskonkordat with Hitler. On the basis of new documents, mainly drawn from the Pacelli-edition, and with the help of psychological and biographical theories, the article discusses how far these experiences were imprinting and whether they influenced the anti-communism of both as popes.

dc.relation.ispartof

Studi di storia

dc.publisher

Edizioni Ca’ Foscari - Digital Publishing

dc.date.issued

None

dc.dateAccepted

None

dc.dateSubmitted

None

dc.identifier.uri

http://doi.org/10.14277/6969-092-1/StStor-2-5

dc.identifier.issn

2610-9883

dc.identifier.eissn

2610-9107

dc.identifier.isbn

978-88-6969-096-9

dc.identifier.eisbn

978-88-6969-092-1

dc.rights

Creative Commons 4.0 Attribution alone

dc.rights.uri

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

item.fulltext

with fulltext

item.grantfulltext

open

dc.subject

Eugenio Pacelli

dc.subject

Anticomunism

dc.subject

Bavarian Soviet Republik (Bayerische Räterepublik)

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Pio XI nella crisi europea | Pius XI. im Kontext der europäischen Krise

Table of contents