Sanskrit Love Vocabulary (śr̥ṅgāra rasa) in Bihārī Lāla Caube’s Satasaī
The Satasaī of Bihārī Lāla Caube is an anthology of seven hundred dohās and some sorṭhās, independent stanzas of two rhythmical lines, composed at Amber court during the seventeenth century. Since the beginning, it was valued a masterpiece of brajabhāṣā poetry. For its elegant style, the profusion of rhetorical figures and the profound poetic sensitivity the Satasaī is considered as a piece of Indian classical literature, kāvya, and a significant text of rīti literary tendency, the so-called ‘Indian Mannerism’. The language of the Satasaī includes a great number of words of Sanskrit origin, along with terms from Persian, Arabic and Vernaculars from northern India. Numerous Sanskrit words express the śr̥ṅgāra rasa, affection and passion between lovers. The forms (tatsama or tadbhava), the meanings and the cultural connotations of these terms are herein thoroughly investigated.
Keywords: Brajabhāṣā poetry. Indian Mannerism. Śr̥ṅgāra rasa.
Language: itSubmitted: April 1, 2015