Annali di Ca’ Foscari. Serie orientale
53 | 2017

Annali di Ca’ Foscari. Serie orientale
53 | 2017

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Tema
chevron_rightLingue e culture del Medio ed Estremo Oriente

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en

ISSN
chevron_right1125-3789

e-ISSN
chevron_right2385-3042

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Vol. 53 | Num. 1 | Giugno 2017

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Annali di Ca’ Foscari. Serie orientale | 53 | 2017

Rājasthānī Features in Medieval Braj Prose Texts 
The Case of Differential Object Marking and Verbal Agreement in Perfective Clauses

Andrea Drocco
Università Ca' Foscari
andrea.drocco@unive.it

DOI 10.14277/2385-3042/AnnOr-53-17-7

Submitted 20 Gen 2017
Accepted 22 Mag 2017

Abstract

One of the few scholars who paid attention to the ‘dark’ period of the evolution of NIA from late MIA was Luigi Pio Tessitori. The studies of this scholar resulted in his well-known Grammar of the Old Western Rajasthani. In the introduction of his Grammar, Tessitori advanced the hypothesis that probably in this first period of NIA there was an intermediate form of speech that surely separated Old Western Rājasthānī from what he called an Old form of Western Hindī, but in which these two linguistic varieties of Western NIA merged together. Tessitori called Old Eastern Rājasthānī this old intermediate form of speech. As stated by himself, one of Tessitori’s future objectives would be to find some proof to demonstrate or to invalidate this hypothesis. However, due to his untimely death, he was not able to do this. Due to the fact that at the present there’s lack of specific studies on this topic, the present study intend to pursue Tessitori’s hypothesis using some medieval published texts in Braj-bhāṣā prose. Even if the language of this kind of texts could be classified as a form of Braj, we will see that these texts show a language different from classical Braj, where many examples of a typical characteristic of Māravāṛī (i.e. Rājasthānī) are attested: the agreement of O with main verb, in a perfective construction, even if O presents an overt marking with the DAT/ACC postposition. Therefore these texts show the existence of a feature of convergence between different varieties. In the last section I will conclude that this seems to be in agreement with Tessitori’s hypothesis, but a more detailed study on language contact involved in the evolution and formation of Western Hindī dialects is necessary to validate this hypothesis.

Keywords
Rājasthānī. Braj-bhāṣā. Ergativity. Differential Object Marking.

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License 

Sommario
×
Campo DC Valore

dc.contributor.author

Drocco Andrea

dc.title

Rājasthānī Features in Medieval Braj Prose Texts 

dc.type

Journal Article

dc.language.iso

en

dc.identifier.uri

http://doi.org/10.14277/2385-3042/AnnOr-53-17-7

dc.description.abstract

One of the few scholars who paid attention to the ‘dark’ period of the evolution of NIA from late MIA was Luigi Pio Tessitori. The studies of this scholar resulted in his well-known Grammar of the Old Western Rajasthani. In the introduction of his Grammar, Tessitori advanced the hypothesis that probably in this first period of NIA there was an intermediate form of speech that surely separated Old Western Rājasthānī from what he called an Old form of Western Hindī, but in which these two linguistic varieties of Western NIA merged together. Tessitori called Old Eastern Rājasthānī this old intermediate form of speech. As stated by himself, one of Tessitori’s future objectives would be to find some proof to demonstrate or to invalidate this hypothesis. However, due to his untimely death, he was not able to do this. Due to the fact that at the present there’s lack of specific studies on this topic, the present study intend to pursue Tessitori’s hypothesis using some medieval published texts in Braj-bhāṣā prose. Even if the language of this kind of texts could be classified as a form of Braj, we will see that these texts show a language different from classical Braj, where many examples of a typical characteristic of Māravāṛī (i.e. Rājasthānī) are attested: the agreement of O with main verb, in a perfective construction, even if O presents an overt marking with the DAT/ACC postposition. Therefore these texts show the existence of a feature of convergence between different varieties. In the last section I will conclude that this seems to be in agreement with Tessitori’s hypothesis, but a more detailed study on language contact involved in the evolution and formation of Western Hindī dialects is necessary to validate this hypothesis.

dc.relation.ispartof

Annali di Ca’ Foscari. Serie orientale

dc.relation.ispartof

Vol. 53 | Num. 1 | Giugno 2017

dc.publisher

Edizioni Ca’ Foscari - Digital Publishing

dc.date.issued

None

dc.dateAccepted

2017-01-20

dc.dateSubmitted

2017-05-22

dc.identifier.issn

1125-3789

dc.identifier.eissn

2385-3042

dc.rights

Creative Commons 4.0 Attribution alone

dc.rights.uri

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

dc.subject

Rājasthānī

dc.subject

Braj-bhāṣā

dc.subject

Ergativity

dc.subject

Differential Object Marking

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53 | 2017

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