Following Latin America’s incorporation into the Spanish empire, myths rooted in cultural syncretism arose, which later became instruments for the conquest, oppression and transculturation of the indigenous peoples. This article focuses on the work of writers who, through the re-examining of said myths, sought to capture the essence of ‘Americanity’ without losing their universal sense. These myths are explored through the tone they acquired in Baroque literature, with a later focus on the sociocultural ‘myth’ associated with drug trafficking. Our findings are based on myth as an original principle may be opened a poetic interpretation.
American myth. Reinaldo Arenas. Neo-baroque. Literary fiction. Religious syncretism.