Il ruolo della lingua e della cultura berbera nel nuovo assetto costituzionale marocchino
Although the role of the Berber languages and culture in Morocco might seem marginal, it represents a constant presence . The Moroccan Constitution of 2011 , promulgated by King Mohamed VI, marks what can be considered as a turning point with regard to the process of integration of the Amazigh culture in Morocco , already begun several years earlier with King Hassan II. The new cultural model enshrined in the new Charter, in fact , elevates Amazigh as one of the official languages of the Kingdom along with the Arabic, and opens space for possible future recognition of Hassani, a Sahrawi language. Considering the complexity of the international situation with regard of the status of the self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, whose territory Morocco claims as part of the Kingdom, the shift to a new cultural paradigm focused on the principle of cultural pluralism can be important to understand the evolution of the Moroccan internal situation.
Keywords: Hassanya • Constitution • Morocco • Sahrawi • Mohamed VI • Amazigh • Berber