Chinese Sentence-Initial Indefinites: What Corpora Reveal
While the sentence-initial position in Chinese is generally related to givenness/definiteness, instances of informationally new or indefinite sentence-initial nps may be found in language in use. This paper systematically explores the phenomenon of sentence-initial indefinites (SIIs), their statistical relevance, and the interaction with features typically connected to linear order, such as animacy or locatability. Results of a quantitative and qualitative analysis conducted on three major big-size, generalised corpora show that SIIs in Chinese are not only possible, but also statistically relevant. Animacy and locatability are found to play a key role in increasing SIIs acceptability. Finally, data reveal a new pattern featuring SIIs with proper nouns.
keywords: Sentence-initial indefinites (SIIs). Chinese. Animacy. Information structure. Corpus study. Quantitative analysis. Qualitative analysis.
Language: enSubmitted: May 11, 2020 Accepted: Aug. 18, 2020 Published: Dec. 21, 2020