Axon
2 | 2 | 2018

Axon
2 | 2 | 2018

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chevron_rightAntiquity Studies

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it

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chevron_right2532-6848

Online issue
Vol. 2 | Num. 2 | Dicembre 2018

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Axon | 2 | 2 | 2018

Decreto milesio relativo a espulsioni politiche

Margherita Facella
Università di Pisa
margherita.facella@unipi.it

DOI 10.30687/Axon/2532-6848/2018/02/005

Submitted 28 Jun 2018
Accepted 20 Sep 2018

Abstract

The excavations conducted at Miletus in the North agora at the beginning of the last century have brought to light a marble base preserving an important document. It is a banishment decree by the city for a group of inhabitants of Miletus, together with their children and descendants. The initial part of the decree was engraved on a stele, which has never been found; hence, we cannot determine the number of offenders. The severity of the punishment and its extension to the descendants suggests, however, that it was a political crime, possibly treason. The officers who had to enforce the decree are the epimenioi. This term is attested in many Greek poleis to mean officers who had to fulfil monthly duties, for example sacrifices; at Miletus though, as it is implied by the present text, this board had wider duties. The mention of the epimenioi gives us 437-436 BC as a terminus ante quem: after this date the Milesian council was presided by a committee of prytaneis (hence substituting the epimenioi), which suggests a constitutional change based on the Athenian model. The historical context is obscure: the traditional interpretation sees these banishments as an evidence of the imposition of the democratic faction over the oligarchic faction at the middle of the fifth century, but it cannot be excluded that the decree was rather a measure against other groups (supporters of tyranny or supporters of the Persians).

Keywords
Mileto. Decreto. Esilio. Epimenioi. Pritani. Espulsioni politiche. Persiani. Tirannide.

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License 

Table of contents
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Campo DC Valore

dc.contributor.author

Facella Margherita

dc.title

Decreto milesio relativo a espulsioni politiche

dc.type

Journal Article

dc.language.iso

it

dc.identifier.uri

http://doi.org/10.14277/Axon/2532-6848/2018/02/005

dc.description.abstract

The excavations conducted at Miletus in the North agora at the beginning of the last century have brought to light a marble base preserving an important document. It is a banishment decree by the city for a group of inhabitants of Miletus, together with their children and descendants. The initial part of the decree was engraved on a stele, which has never been found; hence, we cannot determine the number of offenders. The severity of the punishment and its extension to the descendants suggests, however, that it was a political crime, possibly treason. The officers who had to enforce the decree are the epimenioi. This term is attested in many Greek poleis to mean officers who had to fulfil monthly duties, for example sacrifices; at Miletus though, as it is implied by the present text, this board had wider duties. The mention of the epimenioi gives us 437-436 BC as a terminus ante quem: after this date the Milesian council was presided by a committee of prytaneis (hence substituting the epimenioi), which suggests a constitutional change based on the Athenian model. The historical context is obscure: the traditional interpretation sees these banishments as an evidence of the imposition of the democratic faction over the oligarchic faction at the middle of the fifth century, but it cannot be excluded that the decree was rather a measure against other groups (supporters of tyranny or supporters of the Persians).

dc.relation.ispartof

Axon

dc.relation.ispartof

Vol. 2 | Num. 2 | Dicembre 2018

dc.publisher

Edizioni Ca’ Foscari - Digital Publishing

dc.date.issued

2018-12-20

dc.dateAccepted

2018-06-28

dc.dateSubmitted

2018-09-20

dc.identifier.issn

dc.identifier.eissn

2532-6848

dc.rights

Creative Commons 4.0 Attribution alone

dc.rights.uri

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

dc.subject

Mileto

dc.subject

Decreto

dc.subject

Esilio

dc.subject

Epimenioi

dc.subject

Pritani

dc.subject

Espulsioni politiche

dc.subject

Persiani

dc.subject

Tirannide

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