Annali di Ca’ Foscari. Serie orientale
53 | 2017

Annali di Ca’ Foscari. Serie orientale
53 | 2017

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Topic
chevron_rightLanguages and Cultures of the Middle and Far East

Language
en

ISSN
chevron_right1125-3789

e-ISSN
chevron_right2385-3042

Online issue
Vol. 53 | Num. 1 | Giugno 2017

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Annali di Ca’ Foscari. Serie orientale | 53 | 2017

On the Kabīsa of the Saffarid Amīr Khalaf ibn Aḥmad 

Simone Cristoforetti
ORCID 0000-0002-2948-4817 
Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia, Italia
cristoforetti@unive.it

DOI 10.14277/2385-3042/AnnOr-53-17-4

Submitted 25 Nov 2016
Accepted 12 May 2017

Abstract

The Persian risāla titled Nawrūznāma is a classical work of adab, featuring an account on the history of Iranian calendar and materials (notices, anecdoctes etc.) about courtly and popular customs linked with the Iranian New Year Day. Here we will discuss an isolated notice about an intervention on the solar calendar of the Iranian tradition performed by Khalaf ibn Aḥmad, amīr of Sīstān. The inaccuracy of the Nawrūznāma on historical and astronomical matters does not reduce the importance of this ancient source as a literary work, revealing of its own time's mindset. In fact, the text gives us a plausible clue about the importance of the long reign of Khusraw I for the history of Persian chronology, thus supporting some of the hypotheses traced out by modern scholars. Moreover, it recounts of actual celebrations of the beginning of Spring – to be called Nawrūz – at the time of Abbasid caliph al-Ma’mūn. The conclusion is that, although roughly, the Nawrūznāma not only corroborates other extant sources on the existence of alternative – or parallel – ways of time-reckoning in the Iranian world, but also opens the way for a more precise reconstruction of the relation between a well-ordered social life and kingly governance, that, in Seljuk times, was going to be increasingly thought as essential.

Keywords
Khalaf ibn Aḥmad. Nawrūz. Kabīsa. Nawrūznāma. Iranian calendar. Zoroastrian calendar.

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License 

Table of contents
×
Campo DC Valore

dc.contributor.author

Cristoforetti Simone

dc.title

On the Kabīsa of the Saffarid Amīr Khalaf ibn Aḥmad 

dc.type

Journal Article

dc.language.iso

en

dc.identifier.uri

http://doi.org/10.14277/2385-3042/AnnOr-53-17-4

dc.description.abstract

The Persian risāla titled Nawrūznāma is a classical work of adab, featuring an account on the history of Iranian calendar and materials (notices, anecdoctes etc.) about courtly and popular customs linked with the Iranian New Year Day. Here we will discuss an isolated notice about an intervention on the solar calendar of the Iranian tradition performed by Khalaf ibn Aḥmad, amīr of Sīstān. The inaccuracy of the Nawrūznāma on historical and astronomical matters does not reduce the importance of this ancient source as a literary work, revealing of its own time's mindset. In fact, the text gives us a plausible clue about the importance of the long reign of Khusraw I for the history of Persian chronology, thus supporting some of the hypotheses traced out by modern scholars. Moreover, it recounts of actual celebrations of the beginning of Spring – to be called Nawrūz – at the time of Abbasid caliph al-Ma’mūn. The conclusion is that, although roughly, the Nawrūznāma not only corroborates other extant sources on the existence of alternative – or parallel – ways of time-reckoning in the Iranian world, but also opens the way for a more precise reconstruction of the relation between a well-ordered social life and kingly governance, that, in Seljuk times, was going to be increasingly thought as essential.

dc.relation.ispartof

Annali di Ca’ Foscari. Serie orientale

dc.relation.ispartof

Vol. 53 | Num. 1 | Giugno 2017

dc.publisher

Edizioni Ca’ Foscari - Digital Publishing

dc.date.issued

None

dc.dateAccepted

2016-11-25

dc.dateSubmitted

2017-05-12

dc.identifier.issn

1125-3789

dc.identifier.eissn

2385-3042

dc.rights

Creative Commons 4.0 Attribution alone

dc.rights.uri

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

dc.subject

Khalaf ibn Aḥmad

dc.subject

Nawrūz

dc.subject

Kabīsa

dc.subject

Nawrūznāma

dc.subject

Iranian calendar

dc.subject

Zoroastrian calendar

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53 | 2017

Table of contents