This chapter focuses on the fact that there is no founding theory of Iberian Studies, no ‘Iberian Reason’, and the field assumes its foundation without historical and political justification. The article argues that a theory of postimperialism is the only way to ground the field. Finally, it argues that a systemic approach, following the theories of Even-Zohar, will only legitimise State reason, against which Iberian Studies must theorise. Finally, the article argues for a postmarxist-lacanian approach whereby violence and political fantasies can be studied in a non-systemic way. It concludes with a short analysis of Fernando Aramburu’s Patria, Dolores Redondo’s Trilogy of Baztan, and Eider Rodriguez’s short stories.
Iberian Studies. Comparative Literature. Postimperialism. Violence. Political fantasy.